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Risk diversification and climate hazard resilience building through homestead gardening

Increased climate variability affects farm activities and traditional planting schedules have to be adjusted to changing conditions. Many small-scale farmers nowadays cannot rely on their main crop alone, since the income would hardly compensate the farm inputs. Homestead Gardening is the usual farmer’s practice to grow vegetables for daily home consumption. The cultivation of vegetables, especially those that can be grown off season or require less water, is a good practice option which can address both quick and slow onset climate change impacts.

Additionally, it reduces the risk and impact of climate variability and extreme weather events. This practice recognizes the key role of women (who usually stay at home) in farm activities and provides them with an opportunity to generate additional income and better nutrition for the family. Growing vegetables in backyards also allow close and proactive production management and enables farmers to respond to impending hazards that could cause crop damages. For instance, farmers can quickly decide to harvest if rainfall levels are nearing a threshold or a typhoon changes its course and may pass over their area. By encouraging women involvement and augmenting household nutrition, this practice contributes to enhancing livelihood security.

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