Healthy and clean seed of recommended varieties should be used. For one acre land 50-60kg seed should be used. Before sowing seed should be treated with appropriate fungicide such as Topsin M, or Derosal 60 WP at the rate of 2g or 2ml per 50-60kg seed. The germination of seeds is affected by temperature, water availability, oxygen, light, and substrate, maturity of seed and physiological age of the seed. Various plants require different variable for successful seed germination. Basically wheat is a long day crop but in winter day period is short hence sowing direction should be in such a way that it allow maximum interception of sunlight.