Organic Farming is a modern & close to nature farming system, which maintains the long-term fertility of the soil to produce high quality nutritious food grains/vegetables/fruits. Weeds are controlled by mechanical methods.
Artificial fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives are restricted/prohibited. Organic Farming implies that the farmers should use organically produced seed, which shows more strength & yield due to bio-diversity. Every time crops are harvested or weeds pulled, nutrients and organic matter are withdrawn from the soil. If they are not replaced, the soil is eventually depleted of the resources that plants need to flourish.
Research has shown that compost can activate minerals that are ordinarily un-available and conditions the soil and builds soil structure. Thousands of farmers have been converted to this system, as a result of increased consumer awareness and demand for organically grown products.Modern organic farming techniques are used in concert with traditional methods to ensure fertility and weed/pest control. It is notable that groundwater pollution, soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and human health problems caused by chemical residues are serious effects of conventional agriculture.