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Introduction: Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without using soil. In this methods plants are grown in a water based, nutrient rich solution. It does not require soil and hence the root system is supported using an inert medium such as perlite, rock wool, clay pellets, peat moss, or vermiculite. The basic principle behind hydroponics is to allow the ...

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Honeybee Farming

 Beekeeping or apiculture is one of the oldest tradition. It is basically rearing of honey bees for the production of honey and other beneficial products while utilizing commercial methods. The name apiculture is given due to the scientific name of the honeybees which is ‘Apis’. It is the art and science of rearing honeybee colonies of desired species at ...

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Drone Technology

Drone Technology in Agriculture What are drones?  A drone, in a technological context, is an unmanned aircraft. Drones are more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). A drone is a flying robot. The aircrafts may be remotely controlled or can fly autonomously through software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems working in conjunction with onboard sensors and GPS. ...

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Aquaponics- Growing Fish and Plants Together  Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture (raising fish) and hydroponics (the soil-less growing of plants) that grows fish and plants together in one integrated system. The fish waste provides an organic food source for the plants, and the plants naturally filter the water for the fish. The third participants are microbes (nitrifying bacteria). ...

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Quail Farming

 Characteristics of Quail Quails are very small sized bird. An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams and an egg weights around 7 to 15 grams. Female quails start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age and continuously lay one egg daily. They lay about 300 eggs in their first year of life. After that ...

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Drip Irrigation

 What is drip Irrigation? Drip Irrigation is the localized application of irrigation water to the crop. Drip irrigation systems save a lot of water. In drip irrigation systems, water is applied drop by drop through small holes called emitters. It can save up to 30-60% of water and can be used for almost all kind of orchards, row crops ...

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Fish Farming

Fish Farming In Pakistan  Aquaculture is a recent development in Pakistan. Fish farmers stock ponds with Indian carp species such as Catla, Rohu and Common carp and two Chinese carp species, Grass carp and Silver carp. Two species of trout, namely brown trout and rainbow trout are cultured in Khyber Pakhton Khuwah (KPK) and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) ...

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Mushroom Farming

 Mushrooms have been devoured as food by mankind since time immemorial after collecting from the forests. Mushroom being an indoor crop does not require arable land, except for some non-agricultural land to build the infrastructure for preparation of substrate, rising of crop, preparation of spawn and postharvest handling. White button mushrooms are grown seasonally and in environment controlled cropping ...

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Horticulture is a science and art of gardening and of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants. Floriculture or flower farming is a discipline of horticulture that deals with the development, cultivation and marketing of flowering plants. Cut flower business deals with the growing of flowering plants and marketing of flowers cut along with some stem and leaf. These cut ...

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Kitchen Gardening

A kitchen garden is where herbs and vegetables are grown around the house for household use. Since early times a small plot near to the house has been used for growing a variety of vegetables according to the season. Local varieties such as radish, broad leaf mustard, chilli, beans, pumpkins etc. are all grown in the kitchen garden. In this ...

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