Carrot thrives best on deep, loose loamy soil. To secure an early crop, sandy loam soil is ideal one. A soil in the pH range of 5.5. to 6.5 is the best. Long smooth slender carrot, desired for fresh market, can be successfully grown only on deep, friable, well-drained light soils, free of debris and rocks. Otherwise the roots will be of poor shape. Since carrot seed is rather small, a finely pulverized seedbed is important so that maximum number of soil particles may contact the seed to facilitate germination process. Thorough cultivation to a depth of 25 to 30 cm is essential. The ploughed land must be disked well and planking should follow the disking. Roots will be forked, if grown in poorly prepared soil. Land should be thoroughly levelled for the efficient and economical use of irrigation water. The optimum distance between row-to-row should be 60 cm and plant-to-plant as 3 to 4 cm. Seed should be sown on both sides of ridges. The seedbed must be kept moist during the germination period. The soils which crust badly are likely to prevent a good stand of carrot.