Instead of burning, adding crop residues to the soil increases soil fertility and reduces reliance on chemical fertilizers. Burning of crop residue causes damage to the beneficial micro-organisms present in the upper layer of the soil as well as its organic matter. Smog is caused by burning rice stubbles and other crops residues and it is likely to adversely affect human life, crops, vegetables and orchards.
To reduce the effects of smog, instead of burning crop residues, they can be mixed in the soil to increase the fertility. Depending upon the type of crop residue, instead of burning can be also used in different ways like cattle feed, compost manure, roofing in rural areas, biomass energy, mushroom cultivation, packing materials, fuel, paper, bio-ethanol and industrial production, etc.
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