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Bitter gourd is a warm season crop and moist weather is favourable for its growth and development.

Agriculture Experts said that for cultivation of bitter gourd moist climate is necessary. Bitter gourd is sub-tropical vegetable and requires hot and dry climatic conditions for successful cultivation. Crop can be grown even in place of slightly lower temperature and high rain fall areas. In Punjab its cultivation continues from February to July. For the germination 25-30◦C temperature is required. Agriculture Experts said that it can be grown on many types of soil but fertile loamy soils is best for its production. Well drained, fertile loamy soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is ideal for its cultivation. A Plant is tolerant to alkaline soils up to pH 8.0. One month before cultivation farmyard manure at the rate of 10-12 tonnes per acre should be applied. Ploughing should be done in order to incorporate farmyard manure into the soil. After proper moisture condition 2-3 levelling should be done. 3-4 kg seed per acre is enough for obtaining higher production. Seed should be treated with proper fungicides at the rate of 2-3 g per kg seed. At the time of planting 3 Bag Single Superphosphate, one bag Ammonium Nitrate and one bag Potash per acre should be given. When the fruit is developed then 60 kg Ammonium Nitrate and 30 kg Urea per acre is applied. Two to three hoeing is given to keep down the weeds during the early stage of growth.

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