Ber Production Technology

Weed Control

The weed control is an important practice in the initial stage of the crop. The growers generally practice three weeding. Removal of weeds is necessary to keep the orchard clean; weeding also conserves moisture and reduces the depletion of nutrients. The orchard should be kept clean by removing wild species of jujube as it acts as an alternate host to fruit fly and powdery mildew. For this purpose, ploughing immediately after pruning and second ploughing should be done to remove weeds. In this way garden will remain clean free from diseases.

Fertilizer

It was investigated that growers did not follow the recommendations made by agriculture department and mostly used fertilizer on their own experience. Table 1 indicate that majority 44% growers applied below recommended dose of rea and 33% applied the recommended dose. The same pattern was fond in DAP, in which 3% growers applied above recommended dose, and 40% applied recommended dose of DAP and 42% applied below recommended dose of DAP.

Pesticide

It was fond that growers had applied 2 to 3 pesticide sprays to control insect, pests. It was investigated that 25% respondents did not apply any spray, whereas, 20% applied 2 spray and 40% 3 sprays during the year 2003.

Pruning

Pruning is an important practice to keep proper shape and form of Jujube plant. The jujube fruit is borne in the axil of leaves on the growing shoots of the current year. Therefore, full pruning is necessary to induce a good health growth to provide maximum fruit bearing. The best time of pruning is mid-May to mid-June. It is advisable to complete the pruning before mid-June, when the plant sheds its leaves and goes to rest.

Harvesting

The harvesting of jujube starts when the fruit reach the marketable stage. Delay in harvesting particularly in season makes the fruit unsuitable for the market. The jujube tree flowers in May to June and again in December to January depending upon variety. Jujube fruit is ready in February and march when no other fruit is available in the market. It takes about 3 to 4 months to mature its fruit. The yield of grafted trees is heavy and regular too. The skin of the fruit must mature to get better market prices. During harvesting and picking, it must be ensured that fruits are not damaged. The harvested fruits may be stored in a shady place to keep its freshness. It is difficult to adjust its harvesting according to the price situation in the market.

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